Schedule of Potential Main Modifications
Page Number 64, Policy BE01, Paragraph 5.8 - 5.12
Delete policy BE01 and paragraphs 5.8 to 5.12.
To ensure consistency with national policy and effectiveness of the plan. The wording of this policy reads as a statement of intent so should be deleted.
Page Number 67 - 68, Policy BE02
Delete Policy BE02.
Policy has been covered by other policies, particularly BE03, BE04 and BE08, therefore should be deleted
Page Number 67 - 76, PolicyBE03, Paragraph 5.17 - 5.19, Paragraph 5.23 - 5.36, Figure 5.1, Figure 5.2
Move paragraph 5.17 - 5.19 and Figure 5.1 to sit after paragraph 5.35 to support Policy BE03: Carbon Reduction and Renewable Energy (now Policy BE01).
Amend Policy to read:
BE03 : CARBON REDUCTION, AND RENEWABLE ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY A. Proposals for renewable, low carbon or decentralised energy schemes will be supported provided they can demonstrate that they will not result in adverse impacts, including cumulative and visual impacts which cannot be satisfactorily addressed. B.
Development should meet the
following minimum standards of sustainable construction and carbon reduction
New residential development : at least a 10% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions above the requirements of Part L Building Regulations; Minimum sustainable construction standards: In line with Part L Building Regulations. On-site carbon reduction: in line with national nearly-zero carbon policy. If national nearly- zero carbon policy is unavailable, the previous target applies. However, the minimum improvement over the Building Regulations baseline may be increased to reflect the reduction in costs of more efficient construction methods. Water efficiency: 110 litres per person per day limit. Major development is expected to provide more substantial water management measures, such as rain/grey water harvesting.
Delete the table under B.a
b. New non-residential development
: BREEAM 'Excellent' rating to be achieved in the following categories: Man 02; Ene 04; Mat 03; Wst 01; Wst 03; LE 03. On-site carbon reduction: in line with national nearly-zero carbon policy. If national nearly- zero carbon policy is unavailable, the previous target applies. However, the minimum improvement over the Building Regulations baseline may be increased to reflect the reduction in costs of more efficient construction methods. Water efficiency: BREEAM 'Excellent' rating to be achieved in category Wat 01. Major development is expected to provide more substantial water management measures,such as grey waterharvesting.
Delete the table under B.b.
C. Application of major development , where feasible, will be required to provide a minimum of 10% of the predicted energy needs of the development from renewable energy ; D. Applications for major development, including redevelopment of existing floor space, should be accompanied by a Sustainability Statement (see Figure 5.1 Areas to be covered in the Sustainability Statement) as part of the Design and Access Statement submitted with their planning application, outlining their approach to the following issues:
i. adaptation to climate change;
ii. carbon reduction;
iii. water management;
iv. site waste management; and
use of materials.
E. Where these standards are not met, applicants must demonstrate compelling reasons and provide evidence, as to why achieving the sustainability standards outlined above for residential and non-residential developments would not be technically feasible or economically viable ; F. Merge clause F with the former clause C (now clause B).
Amend paragraph 5.18 and 5.19 to read:
5.18 Sustainable design and construction are concerned with the implementation of sustainable development in individual sites and buildings. It takes account of the resources used in construction, and of the environmental, social and economic impacts of the construction process itself and how buildings are designed and used.
Major development should also refer to Policy SP05 Construction Management.
5.19 The choice of sustainability measures and how they are implemented may vary substantially from development to development. However, the general principles of sustainable design and construction should be applied to all scales and types of development. More guidance on areas to be covered in the Sustainability Statement is set out in Figure 5.1.
Amend Figure 5.1 to remove reference to Figure 5.2 and amend the paragraph under section Use of Materials to read:
All new developments should be designed to maximise resource efficiency and identify, source, and use environmentally and socially responsible materials. [...]
Delete paragraphs 5.24, 5.25, 5.27, 5.28, 5.31, 5.33, 5.36 and Figure 5.2
Amend paragraph 5.23, 5.26, 5.29, 5.30, 5.32 to read:
Transport emission in the borough is also higher than the national average due to increased car ownership and access to vehicles. Over the period of the Plan, energy use and carbon emissions may increase by 10% following a 'business as usual' trajectory.
However, the Climate Change Act 2008 commits the UK Government by law to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. In addition, as long as the UK is a member of the EU, it still has to comply with the EU's Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which requires that by 2020 the demand from all new buildings in Member States is 'nearly zero-energy'. The Paris Agreement also has implications on the UK carbon reduction target.
The government originally set targets to ensure all new homes are zero carbon by 2016 and all new non-residential buildings are zero carbon by 2019.Improvements in resource efficiency to meet this target was were made through Building Regulations which set standards for design and construction that applies to most new buildings, regardless of type. In 2016, Part L of the Building Regulations introduced a change to the energy efficiency standard, raising it to the equivalent of Code for Sustainable Homes Level 4.
The Planning and Energy Act 2008 allows local authorities to set local targets for carbon emissions above Building Regulations. The Deregulation Act 2015 (S43) which removes this right has not been enacted, meaning authorities can continue to set policy above Building Regulations.
To contribute to these targets , this policy requires an on-site reduction of at least 10 per cent beyond the baseline of part L of the current Building Regulations . The minimum improvement over the Target Emission Rate (TER) will be increased in 2020 and over a period of time in line with the national zero-carbon policy and reflect the costs of more efficient construction methods.
The Viability Assessment advises to only seek standards that are over and above the Building Regulation from major development where there is a requirement for 10% renewable energy.
Requirements relating to water efficiency are moved to a new policy dedicated to the subject.
The pre-2020 requirements are no longer relevant. The remaining requirements are converted into clauses/sub-clauses.
The additional text is originally set out in Clause F, which is now merged with clause C, as both refer to renewable technologies.
To be consistent with recent changes to the legislation and Government's direction, published after the Plan was submitted
Page Number 77 , New Policy BE02, Paragraph 5.38 - 5.40
Insert a new policy to read:
Move paragraph 5.38 - 5.40 on water efficiency to follow new Policy BE02 Water Efficiency and Management
All water efficiency and management requirements set out in policies BE02, BE03, BE18 and NE06 of the Submitted Plan should be contained within a dedicated policy. Whilst the Council considers these requirements sound, this modification is necessary to ensure the plan is effective and consistent with national policy
Originally set out in Policy BE02 criterion c of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE03 clause B.a. of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE03 clause B.b of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE03 clause B.a. and B.b of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE18, B.f of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE18, B.g of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy BE18, B.h of the Submitted Plan
Originally set out in Policy NE06 clause D and E of the Submitted Plan
These requirements provide clarity and certainty and ensure consistency with national policy.
To support the relevant requirement and ensure the policy is justified
Page Number 77 , Policy BE04, Paragraph 5.43, Paragraph 5.47, Paragraph 5.48
Amend policy to read:
BE04 : ESTABLISHING LOW CARBON AND RENEWABLE INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK
Stand-alone renewable energy infrastructure
Community-led initiatives for renewable and low carbon energy, including developments outside areas identified in this Local Plan or other strategic policies that are being taken forward through neighbourhood planning, will be encouraged, subject to the acceptability of their wider impacts, including on the Green Belt.
B. Decentralised energy infrastructure
a. The Council will work with developers and energy providers to seek opportunities to expand Brentwood's decentralised energy infrastructure. Strategic development that could play a key role in establishing a decentralised energy network should engage at an early stage with the Council, stakeholders and relevant energy companies to establish the future energy requirements and infrastructure arising from large-scale development proposals and clusters of significant new development. Applicants of these sites will prepare energy masterplans which establish the most effective energy strategy and supply options. b. New development of over 500 dwelling units, or brownfield and urban extensions at 500 units or more, or where the clustering of neighbouring sites totals over 500 units, will be expected to incorporate decentralised energy infrastructure in line with the following hierarchy:
i. where there is an existing heat network, new development will be expected to connect to it;
ii. where there is no existing heat network, new development will be expected to deliver an onsite heat network, unless demonstrated that this would render the development unviable;
iii. where a developer is unable to deliver
the heat network, they need to demonstrate that the y ha ve worked in detail with third parties (commercially or community) to fully assess the opportunity; iv. where a heat network opportunity is not currently viable and no third party is interested in its delivery, the development should be designed to facilitate future connection to a heat network unless it can be demonstrated that a lower carbon alternative has been put in place. c. New development will be expected to demonstrate that the heating and cooling system have been selected according to the following heat hierarchy:
i. connection to existing CHP/CCHP distribution network;
ii. site-wide renewable CHP/CCHP;
iii. site-wide gas-fired CHP/CCHP;
iv. site-wide renewable community heating/cooling;
v. site-wide gas-fired community heating/cooling;
vi. individual building renewable heating.
C. Move Part C to A D. Delete Part D
Amend paragraphs 5.43, 5.47 and 5.48 to read:
5.43 According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA, 2018), renewable energy will be cheaper than fossil fuels by 2020
thanks to improvements in technology. The recent Global Status Report by REN21 (2018) also states that renewable energy currently makes up a fifth of the world's electrical power supply, and its capacity has doubled over the past ten years. Renewables are experiencing a virtuous cycle of technology improvement and cost reduction. How policies can support the ability to connect with supply grid, rather than viability, will be the main challenge in the transition towards the low carbon future.
5.47 The East of England resource assessment and the Brentwood Renewable Energy Study 2014 suggest that there are unlikely to be major anchor and high heat density areas in the borough suitable for retrofit-only DH networks. New development will therefore play an important role in heat network development in the borough. Strategic allocations could offer great opportunities toexpand the borough’s decentralised energy infrastructure
and were identified in the Brentwood IDP, these include:
i. Sites in the South Brentwood Growth Corridor masterplan area including Brentwood Enterprise Park and Dunton Hills Garden Village;
ii. Warley extension masterplan area;
iii. Officer’s Meadows masterplan area.
5.48 According to the Brentwood Renewable Energy Study (2014), DH is a viable low and zero carbon energy solution for new development; the viability of DH and CHP schemes are improved with increased scale, density and mix of uses. Smaller sites close to large exiting loads, on the other hand, provide opportunities for collaboration which provides cost effective, energy efficient, low carbon heat and electricity.
5.52 Brentwood Borough has relatively high levels of domestic gas and electricity consumption, therefore building-scale technologies have potential
s to meet the borough's domestic energy demands. Building scale technologies often comprise permitted development and can be included in new development or retro-fitted to existing units. Building scale technologies with the greatest potential include rooftop solar technologies and biomass boilers in the commercial and industrial sector.
To make the policy effective
Originally set out under part C
To remove irrelevant or outdated content
Page Number 82 , Policy BE05, Paragraphs 5.53 - 5.56
Delete Policy BE05 and supporting text paragraphs 5.53 to 5.56.
The requirements of this policy are covered by design, environment and green belt policies, and therefore should be deleted
Page Number 83 , Policy BE06, Paragraphs 5.57 - 5.61
Delete Policy BE06 and supporting text paragraphs 5.57 to 5.61.
The requirements are set out in Building Regulations
Page Number 84 , Policy BE07
Amend Policy to read:
BE07 : MANAGING HEAT RISK
Developmentproposals should minimise internal heat gain and the risks of overheating through design, layout, orientation and materials.
B. Major development proposals should demonstrate how they will reduce the potential for overheating and reliance on air conditioning systems by:
a. minimising internal heat generation through energy efficient design;
b. reducing the amount of heat entering a building through orientation, shading, albedo, fenestration, insulation and the provision of green roofs and walls;
c. managing the heat within the building through exposed internal thermal mass and high ceilings;
provide passive ventilation;
e. , providing mechanical ventilation and
providing active cooling systems.
To ensure the policy is effective
Page Number 85 , Policy BE08, Paragraph 5.68
Amend policy to read:
BE08 : SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE
A. All developments should incorporate appropriate Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) for the disposal of surface water, in order to avoid any increase in flood risk or adverse impact on water quality.
B. Applications must meet the following requirements: a. Quantity i. on brownfield developments , SuDS features will be required to reduce discharge to previous greenfield rates or achieve a 50% minimum reduction of brownfield run-off rates; ii. sites over 0.1 hectares in Flood Zone 1 will be required to submit a surface water drainage strategy . Larger sites over 1 hectare in Zone 1 or all schemes in Flood Zone 2 and 3 must be accompanied by a Flood Risk Assessment (FRA); b. Quality i. the design must follow an index-based approach when managing water quality. Implementation in line with the updated CIRIA SuDS Manual is required. Source control techniques such as green roofs, permeable paving and swales should be used so that rainfall runoff in events up to 5mm does not leave the site; c. Amenity and Biodiversity i. SuDS should be sensitively designed and located to promote improved biodiversity
water use efficiency
, river water quality, enhanced landscape and good quality spaces that benefit public amenities in the area; iii. redeveloped brownfield sites should disconnect any surface water drainage from the foul network; iii. the preferred hierarchy of managing surface water drainage from any development should be managed in accordance with this hierarchy: firstly, is through infiltration measures, secondly attenuation and discharge to watercourses, and if these cannot be met, through discharge to surface water only sewers; iv. when discharging surface water to a public sewer, developers will be required to provide evidence that adequate capacity exists in the public sewerage network fully to serve the proposed development
Amend paragraph 5.68 to read:
The Environment Agency introduced a new classification system in 2011 enabled by The European Water Framework Directive. This system allows for more rigorous and accurate assessment of water quality. Some water bodies will never achieve good ecological status, however, because they have been physically altered for a specific use, such as navigation, recreation, water storage, or flood protection.
To make the policy effective, justified, and consistent with national policy
To clarify that this is about surface water flooding, as opposed to fluvial flooding covered by NE06 of the Submitted Plan
To ensure the mitigation measures highlighted in the Surface Water Management Plan are addressed
To align with the recommendations of the Surface Water Management Plan
The new sub clauses E.b to E.d are mostly split from the original clause (c.i.) into separate sub clauses
To refer to relevant guidance
Page Number 88, Policy BE09
Amend Policy to read:
BE09 : COMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
A. The Council will support
investment in high quality communications infrastructure and superfast broadband, including community-based networks, particularly where alternative technologies need to be used in rural areas of the borough.
Applications from service providers for new or the expansion of existing communications infrastructure (including telecommunications masts, equipment and associated development, and superfast broadband) are supported subject to the following criteria:
a. evidence is provided to demonstrate, to the Council's satisfaction, that the possibility of mast or site sharing has been fully explored and no suitable alternative sites are available in the locality including the erection of antennae on existing buildings or other suitable structures;
b. evidence is provided to confirm that the proposals would cause no harm to highway safety;
c. the proposal has
sympathetic design and camouflage, having regard to other policies in the Local Plan;
d. the proposal has been designed to minimise disruption should the need for maintenance, adaption or future upgrades arise;
e. the proposal will not cause significant and irremediable interference with other electrical equipment, air traffic services or instrumentation operated in the national interest; and
f. the proposal conforms to the latest International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines, taking account of the cumulative impact of all operator equipment located on the mast/site where appropriate (i.e. prevent location to sensitive community uses, including schools).
To make the policy effective
Page Number 89 , Policy BE10
Amend Policy to read:
BE10 : CONNECTING NEW DEVELOPMENTS TO DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE
A. To support Brentwood's economic growth and productivity now and in the future, all development proposals should:
Provision of up to date communications infrastructure should be designed and installed as an integral part of development proposals. As a minimum, all new developments must be served by the fastest available broadband connection, installed on an open access basis. This includes installation of appropriate cabling within dwelling or business units as well as a fully enabled full connection of the developed areas to the full main telecommunications network;
b. ensure that sufficient ducting space for future digital connectivity infrastructure (such as small cell antenna and ducts for cables, that support fixed and mobile connectivity and therefore underpins smart technologies) is provided
where appropriate ;
c. support the effective use of the public realm, such as street furniture and
bins , to accommodate well-designed and located mobile digital infrastructure;
B. When installing new and improving existing digital communication infrastructure in new development, proposals should:
a. identify and plan for the telecommunications network demand and infrastructure needs from first occupation;
b. include provision for connection to broadband and mobile phone coverage across the site on major developments; c. the location and route of new utility services is in the vicinity of the highway network or proposed new highway network; d. ensure the scale, form and massing of the new development does not cause unavoidable interference with existing communications infrastructure in the vicinity. If so, opportunities to mitigate such impact through appropriate design modifications should be progressed including measures for re-siting, re-provision or enhancement of any relevant communications infrastructure within the new development; e. demonstrate that the siting and design of the installation would not have a detrimental impact upon the visual and residential amenity of neighbouring occupiers, the host building (where relevant), and the appearance and character of the area; f. seek opportunities to share existing masts or sites with other providers; and g. all digital communication infrastructure should be capable of responding to changes in technology requirements over the period of the development.
C. Where applicants can demonstrate, through consultation with broadband infrastructure providers, that superfast broadband connection is not practical, or economically viable:
a. the developer will ensure that broadband service is made available via an alternative technology provider, such as fixed wireless or radio broadband; and
b. ducting to all premises that can be accessed by broadband providers in the future, to enable greater access in the future.
Or D. TheCouncil will seek developer contribution towards off-site works to enable those properties access to superfast broadband, either via fibre optic cable or wireless technology in the future .
To make the policy effective
Page Number 92, Policy BE11, Paragraph 5.90, Paragraph 5.91, Paragraph 5.92, Paragraph 5.93, Paragraph 5.96 b., Paragraph 5.102
Delete Policy BE11 and replace with the below text:
BE11 : STRATEGIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
Insert the following paragraph at the beginning of paragraph 5.90:
Insert the following paragraph after paragraph 5.91:
Amend final sentence of paragraph 5.92 to read:
The Council will work with partners to improve the station environment at both Brentwood and Shenfield stations, specifically in terms of non-motorised users and enhanced public transport access, with
new forecourt and pedestrian crossing facilities.
At the end of the first sentence of paragraph 5.93 update reference to Transport Assessment from 2018 to 2021.
Insert an additional sentence at the end of paragraph 5.96 point b. to read:
Insert a new point (iv) under paragraph para 5.102 to read:
To provide clarity and make the policy effective
To provide clarity on the role of strategic transport infrastructure and reference to the Infrastructure Delivery Plan where further information on this would be found.
Page Number 99 - 100 , Policy BE12, Paragraph 5.108, Paragraph 5.109, Paragraph 5.110
Delete Policy BE12.
Move paragraphs 5.108, 5.109 and 5.110 to after 5.141
To make the plan effective. Limited-car development principle in sustainable locations is covered by the Parking Standards.
Page Number 100 - 101 , Policy BE13, Paragraph 5.112 - 5.115, Paragraph 5.118
Amend Policy to read:
13 : SUSTAINABLE MEANS OF TRAVEL AND WALKABLE STREETS
A. Sustainable modes of transport should be
facilitated through new developments to promote accessibility and integration into the wider community and existing networks. Priority should be given to cycle and pedestrian movements and access to public transport.
B. Development proposals should
seek to provide appropriate provision for the following sustainable measures :
a. the provision of pedestrian, cycle, public transport and where appropriate, bridleway connections within development sites and to the wider area, including key destinations;
b. the criteria of safe, secure, well connected and attractive layouts which minimise the conflict between traffic, cyclists, and pedestrians, and allow good accessibility for
bus services within sites and between sites and adjacent areas, improve areas where public transport, pedestrian or cycle movement is difficult or dangerous.
c. the provision of community transport measures promoting car pools, car sharing, voluntary community buses, cycle schemes;
d. safeguarding existing and proposed routes for walking, cycling, and public transport, from development that would prejudice their continued use and/or development; and
e. any development requiring a new road or road access, walking and cycling facilities and public transport, will be required to have regard to the adopted Essex County Council's Development Management Policies or successor documents, in order to assess the impact of development in terms of highway safety and capacity for both access to the proposed development and the wider highway network.
Amend supporting text paragraph 5.112- 5.115 to read:
5.112 This policy seeks to
encourage people to make sustainable travel choices by improving choices and making development easily accessible by different modes of transport, especially walking, cycling and public transport. An important policy tool to achieve this is the modal hierarchy. All major development should follow the modal hierarchy by providing access for all of the following (most preferable first, least preferable last):
a. walking and providing access for all, including people with mobility impairment;
c. public transport;
d. powered two wheelers;
e. commercial vehicles and taxis;
f. car sharing;
g. electric and low emission vehicles;
h. private cars.
Streets account for a major part of public spaces; high quality streets are therefore fundamental to the character and efficient functioning of a place and play a fundamental role in moving people around safely, improving public realm and providing spaces for people to come together. New major development should create permeable, accessible, inclusive and multifunctional streets that promotes active lifestyle and integrates different modes of transport in line with Policy HP13 Creating Successful Places. Barriers to walking should be addressed in development proposals, to ensure that walking is promoted and that street conditions, especially safety/security and accessibility for disabled people, are enhanced. Walking networks and facilities in and around all new developments should be direct, safe, attractive, accessible and enjoyable.
5.114 Cycling is a space efficient mode compared to cars so making streets attractive for cycling can bring benefits to all road users while also improving the experience of living, working and getting around.
Although further consultation will be required, once finalised the Brentwood Cycling Action Plan (2018) can: a. identify how cycling levels can be increased in the borough;
b. enable any funding for new cycling schemes in Brentwood to be prioritised;
c. create a usable, high-quality cycle network that connects residential areas with key employment locations, rail stations and town centres; and
d. create opportunities to increase recreational cycling in Brentwood.
will be promoted through the provision of improved cycle parking and other facilities and new cycle routes as part of highway infrastructure improvements/traffic management measures and, where appropriate, in association with planning permission for new development. Development should facilitate and encourage cycling to reduce car dependency and the health problems it creates. When providing for cycle parking, cycle parking areas should be secure and covered, and allow easy access for occupiers and their visitors, and provide facilities for all, including disabled cyclists. This could include identifying and reserving specific spaces which provide step-free cycle parking and opportunities for people using adapted cycles, as well as providing facilities for other non-standard cycles such as tricycles, cargo bicycles and bicycles with trailers. Space for folding bicycles should be provided as well as space for conventional bikes to cater for rail commuters. However, space for folding bicycles is not an acceptable alternative to conventional cycle parking as these are less popular in some areas, tend to be less affordable and present difficulties for some users. Surface level parking is preferable to stacked parking which may be difficult for some people to use. Visitor parking should be quickly and easily accessible to front entrances of buildings and not require cyclists to visit parts of a site restricted to occupiers only. Developers should refer to the vehicle parking standards set out in the Essex Parking Standards (2009) or as amended, in line with Policy BE17 Parking Standards.
Amend paragraph 5.118 to read:
The Essex County Council's Transportation Development Management Policies provide further detail on requirements relating to accessibility and access, including Transport Assessment and Statement thresholds for each land use category.
To make the policy consistent with national policy and effective
Page Number 103 , Policy BE14, Paragraph 5.119
Amend Policy to read:
BE14 : SUSTAINABLE PASSENGER TRANSPORT A.The Council will facilitate and support sustainable passenger transport services operating in Brentwood to help deliver the vision of the Local Plan. B. Development proposalsshouldprotect and enhance existing passenger transportand their capacity. C. community facilities, schools, and specialist older persons housing, where reasonable and proportionate, should provide pick-up and drop-off facilities (with appropriate kerbs) for passenger transport close to the principal entrance suitable for minibuses, school buses, taxis, and/or ambulances.
Insert an additional paragraph after paragraph 5.119 to read:
To make the policy effective
Page Number 104 , Policy BE15
Amend Policy to read:
BE15 : ELECTRIC AND LOW EMISSION VEHICLES A. The Council will seek appropriate infrastructure forelectric and low emission vehicles at new developments B. This could include, but is not limited to, electric vehicle charging / plug-in points and/or the infrastructure required toprovideth is in the future.
To make the policy effective
Page Number 107 , Policy BE16, Paragraph 5.128 - 5.132
Amend Policy to read:
BE16 : MITIGATING THE TRANSPORT IMPACTS OF DEVELOPMENTS
should seek to ensure that they will not have an unacceptable transport impact and/or any significant impact from the development on the transport network (in terms of , capacity and congestion ) and on highway safety can be effectively mitigated to an acceptable degree.
B. New development will be required to :
Submit Travel Plans, Transport Assessments and/or Statements in accordance with the thresholds and detailed requirements for each land use category as set out in the Essex County Council's Development Management Policies or its successors;
provide reasonable and proportionate financial contributions mitigation measures necessary to:
mitigate the transport impact of the development to an acceptable degree, ;
. This could includ e investment in infrastructure, services, Low Emission Zone, or behavioural change measures (including enforcement) to encourage the use of sustainable modes of transport. Such measures should be provided to meet the first or early occupation of a site in order to influence travel behaviour from the outset.
Move paragraph 5.129 to precede 5.127, and amend to read:
5.129 Development resulting in an unacceptable impact on highway safety, or significant and harmful residual cumulative impacts on the road network will be prevented or refused on highways grounds, unless any impact will be effectively mitigated to an acceptable degree, in line with the NPPF
Amend paragraph 5.128 to read:
5.128 Joint working
is being undertaken with National Highways, Essex County Council (highways authority), developers and all relevant partners to identify necessary mitigations at key junctions , to consider the cumulative impact of growth within the borough over the Plan period , and to consider the wider planned growth on the local and strategic route network.
Delete paragraph 5.130
Amend paragraph 5.131 to read
5.131 As noted earlier in this chapter, providing physical improvements to the highway will only have a short-term impact therefore it is important to invest in long term alternatives. The Council will work with developers and service providers to consider potential sustainable transport measures that could assist in reducing the impact of developments on the overall road network.
The Transport Assessment (PBA, 2018Tidentifies a number of non-highway mitigation measures that could be implemented in Brentwood Borough ; feasibility analysis for some of these measures are being considered in the in the Brentwood IDP as part of a long-term assessment. These include: i. School Clear Zone; ii. Park and Ride/ Cycle/ Stride; iii. 'Quietway' cycle routes; iv. Low Emission Zone; v. Banning all large freight vehicle from stopping deliveries within the Central Brentwood zone and A128 corridor during AM/PM peaks; vi. Car-limited development at appropriate locations; vii. Pedestrian wayfinding system; viii. Multiple service app making access to smart car hire/ community buses/ booking bikes/ bike hire schemes etc. easier; ix. Encourage clean vehicles and introduce electrical parking points to encourage use of such vehicles and plan and deliver other IT infrastructure required to allow future implementation of emerging SMART systems; x. Multi-modal integration at rail stations.
Delete paragraph 5.132.
Insert an additional paragraph after 5.132 to read:
To make the policy effective and justified
To ensure that non-strategic mitigation measures identified in the IDP (not covered by Policy BE11) would also be considered
To removes confusion because some of the identified borough-wide sustainable transport measures, as opposed to on-site sustainable transport measures, do not need to be provided to meet the first or early occupation of a site.
To provide clarity by reference to relevant items in the Infrastructure Delivery Plan
To refer applicants to the relevant document, as Travel Information Packs are not a policy requirement of the Local Plan, but rather a requirement of the Highways Authority, set out in the Essex County Council Development Management Policies
Page Number 107 , Policy BE17, Paragraph 5.136
Amend policy to read:
BE17 : PARKING STANDARDS
The Council will refer developers to the Development proposals should comply with Essex Parking Standards s et out in the most up-to-date Essex Parking Standards. Schemes should comply with design standards and provision levels for uses and transport modes specified. B. In the following circumstances,the parking standards may beflexibleto minimise pressure on land and encourage alternative modes of transport: a. office developments in urban areas that are well-connected by public transport and have good accessibility through walking and cycling;
b. retail and mixed-use development in the Town Centre, District Shopping Centres and Local Centres that has access to shared car parks with different facilities/users at different times; and
c. commuter parking provision at train stations.
do not conform to these standards should be supported by evidence detailing the local circumstances that justify deviation from the standard.
Amend paragraph 5.136 to read and update NPPF reference from July 2018 to 2021:
Brentwood Borough Council adopted the Essex Parking Standards - as a Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) in 2011 and will expect these standards to apply until such time as they are revoked or superseded by other standards.
As the Parking Standards - Design and Good Practice (2009) has flexibility for such circumstances
To provide clarity
Page Number 111 , Policy BE18, Paragraph 5.142, Paragraph 5.144, Paragraph 5.145, Figure 5.3, Paragraph 5.146, Paragraph 5.157
Move Policy BE18 and its supporting text in chapter 8.
BE18 : GREEN AND BLUE INFRASTRUCTURE
Delete the existing wording and replace with the following new wording to read:
Amend paragraphs 5.142 to read:
Green and Blue Infrastructure
There are a number of definitions of g Green and blue infrastructure (GBI) share the same notion in which GBI can be understood as natural or semi-natural networks of green (soil covered or vegetated) and blue (water covered) spaces and corridors, in either an urban or rural setting, that connects, maintains and enhances ecosystem services. . iIt is capable of providing recreational or cultural experiences. supporting and enhancing biodiversity and geodiversity, improving air and/or water quality, enhancing and conserving the historic environment, as well as enriching the quality of life of local communities.
Delete paragraph 5.144
Amend paragraph 5.145 to read:
The Council will protect and enhance local distinctiveness and plan positively for the creation, preservation and enhancement of networks of biodiversity and GBI in line with the Council's Green Infrastructure Strategy (2015). As part of planning for infrastructure provision, t he Council will work with statutory bodies . infrastructure providers, including Essex County Council and utilities companies and consider the roles of developers in providing and maintaining the GBI that is required as a result of new growth.
Insert a new paragraph after paragraph 5.145 to read:
Amend figure 5.3 to read:
NB. These were previously partly identified by the 'Protected Open Space' designation is the replacement Local Plan 2005.
Parks and Gardens
County Parks, Borough
Ecological assets and natural and semi-natural greenspaces (urban / rural)
Special Sites of Scientific Interest (SSSI), Local Nature Reserves (LNR), Local Wildlife Sites (LoWS), Woodlands, Geological Assets
Main rivers , large ordinary/non-main river watercourses, major tributaries, wetland.
Sports and Recreation Grounds
Cemeteries and churchyards
Public and privately-owned facilities.
The supporting text following Policy BE18 is proposed to be amended as follows:
Amend paragraph 5.146 to read:
5.146 This policy is in line with the NPPF, as well as the government's latest environment plan: A Green Future: Our 25 Year Plan to Improve the Environment which sets out a
long-term vision for England's environment post-Brexit , along with some medium-term aspirations for progress, and some shorter-term actions. Theplan stresses the importance of good-quality green and blue infrastructure (GBI) and commits to creating a 'national framework of green infrastructure standards, ensuring that new developments include accessible green spaces and that any area with little or no green space can be improved for the benefit of the community'. The Local Plan policies This policy will seek to achieve well managed, high quality multi-functional Green and Blue Infrastructure to ensure opportunities are maximised for recreation, health and wellbeing, a net gain for biodiversity, by providing new green spaces including hHigh quality green and blue infrastructure should be built into the design s proposals and masterplans of new development.
Retain paragraphs 5.147 to 5.156
Amend paragraph 5.157 to read:
5.157 This policy should be read in conjunction with Policy
BE08 Sustainable Drainage, Policy HP18 Designing Landscape and the Public Realm, Policy BE19 Access to Nature, Policy NE01 Protecting and Enhancing the Natural Environment, and Policy NE06 Flood Risk.
To make the policy effective and consistent with national policy
Clause C specifically talks about blue infrastructure to align with paragraph 174 (e) of the NPPF, ensuring that development does not contribute to unacceptable water pollution and wherever possible, helps improve water quality.
Clause D ensures there is adequate provisions in place to enable its effective management into the future
The open spaces set out on the policies map capture all known public open spaces of significant amenity value within settlement boundaries. To help clarify the differences between these open spaces within settlement boundaries and other open spaces, for example the Country Parks within the Green Belt, it will refer to these as ‘urban open spaces’. Policy BE22 has been amended to ensure all open spaces are protected. Figure 5.3 defines the different open space typologies.
Page Number 115-116 , Policy BE19, Paragraph 5.158, Paragraph 5.159, Paragraph 5.160, Paragraph 5.161
Delete Policy BE19 and supporting text paragraphs 5.158 to 5.161 as repeats provision in other policies, including Policy BE18 (now Strategic Policy NE02) Green and Blue Infrastructure and Policy NE03 Trees, Woodlands, Hedgerows.
To make the plan effective. Policy BE19 is covered by other policies in the plan
Page Number 116 , Policy BE20, Paragraph 5.162 - Paragraph 5.173
Move Policy BE20 to Chapter 8 after the new Policy NE05 (originally Policy BE22) Open Space and Recreation Provision.
Amend Policy BE20 to read:
BE20 : ALLOTMENTS AND COMMUNITY FOOD GROWING SPACE
Planning for allotment space should be an integral part of the green and blue infrastructure provision in residential development.
B. Provision of
space for personal and community gardening and food growing will be favourably considered.
Amend paragraphs 5.162 to 5.164 to read:
Local community food growing space not only helps to improve social integration and community cohesion but can also contribute to improved mental and physical health and well-being. It supports healthy living by enabling residents make more sustainable food choices, protects local ecosystems and fosters community spirit and enterprise. It also helps reduce the carbon footprint of food production by minimising CO2 emissions from transporting food and is beneficial for air quality by helping to reduce pollution.
5.163 The wider benefits of growing produce are identified in the Brentwood Open Space, Sport and Leisure Assessment (2016) which highlights that providing opportunities for people to grow their own food contributes to sustainability, health and social inclusion.
5.164 The Council therefore aims to safeguard
land for garden and allotment, promotes local food growing by encourag ing development proposals to include spaces for residents and communities to grow their own food. This would enable and support healthy lifestyles, in line with the NPPF (2018, paragraph 91).
Delete paragraphs 5.165 to 5.167 and 5.169 and 5.172.
Amend paragraphs 5.168, 5.170, 5.171, 5.173 to read:
The Council are proposing to declare all existing Council owned allotment sites in the borough as having statutory status so they enjoy the legal protection provided by the Allotments Act 1925. Further engagement work is also required to understand whether the current allotment infrastructure have opportunities to accommodate additional growth or additional provision will be needed.
5.170 When allotments are provided on site as part of a development, developers
should pay for the future maintenance and management of the allotments and arrange for a management body to undertake that responsibility for the life of the development. Where, land is transferred to the Borough or Parish Councils, an agreed maintenance contribution should be made. It is expected that the developer will maintain the allotment for twelve months before it transfers it to the borough or relevant parish council with the payment of a commuted sum to cover 20 years maintenance. Developer contributions for off-site provision could include the enhancement of nearby allotment facilities.
5.171 Innovative solutions to small scale food growing space
will be encouraged, such as green roofs/walls, re-utilising existing under-used spaces and incorporating spaces for food growing in new schools.
5.173 This policy should be read in conjunction with Policy
BE18 Green and Blue Infrastructure , Policy BE23 Open Space, Sport and Recreational Facilities.
To make the policy effective
To clarify that the policy applies to both statutory and non-statutory sites, and highlights how many of the allotments are public allotments
Page Number 117 , Policy BE21, Paragraph 5.174 - 5.177
Move Policy BE21 to Chapter 8. Amend Policy to read:
BE21 : PROTECTING LAND FOR GARDENS
Proposals for development on sites that form part of an existing allotment, garden, or group of gardens will only be permitted where:
a. sufficient garden space and space around existing dwellings is retained, especially where these spaces and any trees are worthy of retention due to their contribution to the character of the area and their importance for biodiversity;
b. the form, height and layout of the proposed development is appropriate to the surrounding pattern of development and the character of the area
in line with Policy HP14 Responding to Context;
c. the amenity and privacy of neighbouring, existing and new
properties is protected;
d. provision is made for adequate amenity space, vehicular access arrangements and parking spaces for the proposed and existing properties
; and e. there is no detrimental effect on the potential comprehensive development of the wider area.
Amend paragraphs 5.174 to 5.177 to read:
As the definition of Previously Developed Land within the NPPF excludes private residential gardens. and allotment, inappropriate The development of garden and allotment sites will be resisted, . P roposals that are considered to be appropriate on garden or allotment sites in accordance with the criteria set out in this policy will still be assessed against other policies within this Plan.
Allotments and gardens provide a semi-natural habitat for local wildlife and corridors for the movement of wildlife in the urban area. Collectively, they help to mitigate fluvial and surface water flooding in the built-up parts of Brentwood. They form part of an area's development pattern, providing a setting for buildings. They are an important environmental resource and are a vital component of Brentwood's character.
However, it should also be noted that, some forms of redevelopment and infill development , which are well designed and which make efficient use of land, will continue to be a valuable additional source of housing supply and need not be inappropriate. 5.177 For policies and guidance relating to garden and open space, applicants should refer to Policy HP06 Standards for New Housing , Policy BE23 Open Space, Sport and Recreational Facilities, , as well as the Brentwood Town Centre Design Guide and Essex Design Guide.
To ensure the policy is effective and justified
Page Number 119 , Policy BE22, Paragraph 5.178 - 5.183
Merge Policy BE22 and BE23, and move the policy to Chapter 8.
Amend policy to read:
BE22 : OPEN SPACE IN NEW DEVELOPMENT A. New development proposals are expected to provide functional on-site open space and/or recreational amenities and may, where appropriate, be required to also provide a financial contribution towards new or improved facilities within the borough B. The amount and type of provision required will be determined according to the size, nature and location of the proposal, quantity and type of open space needed, and existing provision accessible to the proposal. All payments will be in line with the Policy BE23 Open Space, Sport and Recreational Facilities. C. A commuted sum may be requested for a. proposals where strategic open space requirements cannot be met within the site; b. local and strategic open space in developments of single person households or of dwellings for the elderly (where however some compensating increase in private amenity space may be required); or c. a Town Centre, District Shopping Centre or Local Centre location within Brentwood or where D. it is justified by an outstanding urban design approach based on site constraints and opportunities. All open space provision should be fully equipped to meet the needs of users as agreed by the Council, reflecting acceptable distance and minimum size criteria for different types of open space as set out in the Council's Open Space Standards (refer to Figure 5.4).
Maintenance Plans should be submitted at planning application stage for all new facilities
provided for exercise or recreation purposes. This is to secure quality over the long term and clarify responsibilities from the outset. .
Delete clause E
Move paragraph 5.178 to 5.179 to after Policy BE22 (now Policy NE05), to precede paragraph 5.180.
Delete paragraph 5.180-5.183
To make the policy consistent with national policy, effective and justified
Policy BE22 and BE23 to be merged as they contain overlapped or duplicated requirements
This is originally set out in clause A of BE23. Amended to protect existing open space and ancillary facilities.
To address the need for new provision.
To address how new provision will be determined.
To provide clarity on what is meant by 'fully equipped'
The sub clauses guide applicant to ensure the emphasis should be on ensuring inclusive, accessible provision that does not impact the function of the open space.
Clauses D and C from BE22 and BE23 respectively are combined here, to set out the requirement for management plans
No longer relevant to the policy or is covered in the introductory text of green infrastructure.
Page Number 120 , Policy BE23, Paragraph 5.184 - 5.185
Delete Policy BE23, merge key requirements and relevant supporting text with Policy BE22.
Amend the below supporting text and move all to Policy BE22 after 5.183 to form the new Policy NE05.
Delete paragraph 5.184
Insert new paragraph to precede paragraph 5.185 to read:
Amend paragraph 5.185 to read:
5.185 All proposals, where appropriate, will be required to comply with the Council's open space standards as set out in Figure 5.4 . These take account of recommendations in
Open Space and Sports facilities evidence, Brentwood Play Pitch Strategy (2018), Brentwood Open Space Strategy (2008-2018), the and Play Strategy (2018). With regard to children's play space, the Council will seek proposals which meet the Fields in Trust minimum standards as set out in Figure 5.5.
To ensure the plan is effective
To ensure the amended policy is justified.